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高考英语作文常用6种开头

更新:2020年06月11日 22:38 大学路圆梦网
高考英语作文常用6种开头

       1. 对立法

  先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。

  (1)When asked about..., the vast majority of people say that…. But I think/view a bit differently.

  (2)When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/claim that the opposite is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.

  (3)Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that.....They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether...

  2. 现象法

  引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。

  (1)Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ... has caused/aroused public/popular/wide/ world wide concern.

  (2)Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus/into public attention.

  3. 观点法

  开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

  (1)Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

  (2)Now there is a(n) growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to...

  (3)Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of...

  (4)Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that...

  4. 引用法

  先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点!

  (1)"Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

  (2)"Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share hisopinion.

  (3)"...."We often hear statements/words like this.

  (4)We often hear such traditional complains as this "..."

  5. 比较法

  通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

  (1)For years, ...had been viewed as .... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ...

  (2)People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new idea.

  6. 故事法

  先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。少用!

  (1)Once (in a newspaper), I read of/learnt..... The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.

  (2)Once upon a time, there lived a man who .... This story may be(unbelievable), but it still has a realistic significance(意义,重要性)now.


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  • hanchan1987

    hanchan1987

    • 61 人赞同了该回答
    • 给你 一些 英语作文常用关 联词/词组 吧,都 是平 时各参 考 书上 积累下来,我整理过的。都是 一个 字一个字敲键盘的俄!!

      英语作文 常用关系联接词
      表原因:because / for / since / There is because..../ The reason is that.... /
      The reason are as follows:firstly,secongly....finally....../
      For one thing....for another thing....../
      Because of / due to.... / owing to....
      表结果:Because of the..../Therefore..../Thus....
      表递进:Besides/ Further more / Moreover/ In addition (to it)/
      Whats more / To make things (matters) worse / Above all
      表假设:Once / In case of + n. / so(as) long as / On condition that....
      表顺序:首要的:First and foremost....
      最后但也同样重要的:Last but not least....
      Afterwords / Meanwhile / In the end / At the end of / As time went on /
      The moment (minute /second) / on doing sth
      表总结:In summary / In short..../ In conclusion..../In a word..../ On the whole/
      As a whole /by ang large ....总而言之 / To summarize....
      表解释:That is (to say)..../ In other words /For instance / Take for example /
      As an example
      表转折:However,..../yet..../while..../On the contrary....
      表让步:Although..../ Even though (if) / Despite + n. / In spite of /
      No matter wh-....
      表否则:or.... / or else.... / Otherwise
      表比较:Compared to (with)..../ In comparison....
      表个人观点:I think /believe /guess..../ As(so) far as I know(can see) /
      Im concerned / Personally (speaking) 就个人而言
      表排除: instand / instand of / rather than.... / other than = except / Besides
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-03
  • falicom

    falicom

    • 133 人赞同了该回答
    • 书面表达中 常用 的连 接词
      (1),表选 择 关系 对等 关系的连接词:either… or…, neither…nor…, or, as well as, and, both…and….
      ( 2),表因果关系的连接词:therefore, so, as a result, as the result of, because of, due to, owing to, thanks to等。
      (3),表时间顺序的连接词:the moment, as soon as, at first, then, later, meanwhile, at the beginning, in the end, before long, for the first time, the minute.
      (4),表转折关系的连接词:yet, and yet, but, while, on the contrary, on the other hand, however, at the same time(然而)等。
      (5),表解释说明的连接词:that is, that is to say, in other words, such as, for example, for instance, and so on, etc, and the like, and what not等。
      (6),表递进关系的连接词:not only…but (also), what’s more, what’s worse, besides, in addition, worse still, moreover, above all等。
      (7),表总结的连接词:in a word, on the whole, in short, briefly, in brief, to sum up, in all等
      1)表层次:
      first,firstly, to begin with, further, in the first place
      second,secondly, to start with, still, furthermore
      third,thirdly, what is more, last, last but not least
      also, and then, next, besides
      and equally important too moreover
      besides in addtion finally
      2)表转折;
      by contrast although though yet
      at the same time but despitethe fact that even so
      in contrast nevertheless even though for all that
      notwithstanding on the contarary however in spite of
      on the other hand otherwise instead still
      regardless
      3)表因果;
      therfore consequently because of for the reason
      thus hence due to owing to
      so accordingly thanks to on this account
      since as on that account in this way
      for as a result as a consequence
      4)表让步:
      still nevertheless concession granted naturally
      in spite of all the same of course despite
      even so after all
      5)表递近:
      furthermore moreover likewise what is more
      besides also not only...but also...
      too in addtion
      6)表举例:
      for example for instance for one thing that is
      to illustrate as an illustration a case in point
      7)表解释:
      as a matter of fact frankly speaking in this case namely
      in other words
      8)表总结:
      in summary in a word thus as has been said
      in brief in conclusion altogether in other words
      to conclude in fact finally in simpler terms
      indeed in short in particular that is
      in other words of course on the whole to put it differently
      namely in all therefore to summarize

      1. 对等连接词and可连接两个动词,意思是"而且,并且"。
      Hey, a pet shop. Lets go in and have a look.
      嘿,宠物商店。进去看看。

      2. 对等连接词and可连接两个名词或代名词;"和"。
      My friend and I want to buy a pet.
      我的朋友和我想买个宠物。

      3. 连接词after连接子句,意思是"在…之后"。
      Why dont we do it after we have finished shopping?
      我们为什么不买完东西后再去?

      4. 连接词before连接子句,意思是"在…之前"。
      No, I have to buy a pet before you use up all the money.
      不,我得在你把钱花完之前买个宠物。

      5. 连接词for连接表原因的子句;"因为…"。
      I think this way, for I had the similar experience before.
      我这么想,因为我以前有过相似的经历。

      6. 连接词therefore连接表结果的句子,"所以…";that连接形容词子句。
      Therefore, this time I must buy things that I like first.
      所以,这次我必须先买我喜欢的东西。

      7. 连接词if连接表示假设的子句,"如果…"。
      Ok, Ill go with you if you promise not to use up all the money.
      好吧,如果你保证不把钱花光我就和你去。

      8. 连接词but连接表示转折的句子,意思是"但是…;而…"。
      A cat? But weve already got one.
      猫?但我们已经有一只了。

      9. 连接词because连接表示原因的句子,意思是"因为…"。
      You have to buy the two together, because this one is that ones interpreter.
      不行,你得两只一起买,因为这只是那只的翻译。

      10. 连接词neither…nor连接两代名词,意思是"既不...也不..."。
      Neither he nor I like a dog.
      他和我都不喜欢狗。

      11. 连接词why连接名词子句,意思是"为何…"。
      I wonder why you think this way.
      搞不懂你为何这么想。

      12. 连接词whether连接名词子句,意思是"是否"。
      I wonder whether you can help us.
      不知道你是否能帮我们。

      13. what连接名词子句,相当于all that。
      Ha, parrots! This is what I want.

      四六级考试万能英语作文模版
      作者:英语作文 更新:2006-4-12

      (I)说明原因型
      模块(一)
      Nowadays ,there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated
      that ( 1 ).
      Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.
      The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides,( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ).
      To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) .
      It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing ,( 6 ).
      On the other hand ,( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the
      number of XX .
      注释:
      (1)用具体数据说明XX现象
      (2)原因一
      (3)原因二
      (4)原因三
      (5)指出主要原因
      (6)解决建议一
      (7)解决建议二
      Generation gap between parents and children
      Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and
      children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages
      of parents often complain their childrens unreasonable behavior while children
      usually think their parents too old fashioned).
      Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children?
      Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations,
      having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes ,thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides(due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the
      pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their
      work or study that they dont spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) .
      It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should
      respect their parents ).On the other hand ,( parents also should show solicitue for
      their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap .
      第二天:
      (I)说明原因型
      模块(2)
      In recent years , xx has caused a heated debate on ( 1 ).
      The factors for ( 2 ) .First of all ,( 3 ).Then , there
      comes a case that ( 4 ). Moreover , ( 5 ) . Especially
      when ( 6 ) .
      Indeed, these unique points can be collected theo remind
      people that ( 7 ).In this way ,we should behave just like
      ( 8 ).
      The impact of Television
      In recent years , with the development of science and
      technology ,80 percent of all homes in China have satellite
      TV , offering as many as 50 channels .It has caused a heated
      debate on (the impact of television on children ). Many
      parents are worried about the impact of so much television
      on children.
      The factors for (parents worry is that children are indulge in
      television and spend too much time on it .) .First of all ,(with so
      many programs to choose from , children are not getting as much
      exercise as they should ).Then , there comes a case that ( some
      studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions
      of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ).
      Moreover , ( the effect on childrens minds are more serious than
      the effect on childrens bodies ) . Especially when ( the children
      are too small to judge what programs are suit to them ) .
      Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind
      parents that ( they should pay close attention to and responsibilities
      for supervising their childrens TV viewing ).In this way ,children
      will not be influented too deeply .
      (I)说明原因型
      模块(3)
      Currently,XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate
      the theory --- nothing is more valuable than XX .
      It is clear that ( 1 ). If you ( 2 ), as a result ,
      your dreams willcome true . On the contrary, if you ( 3 ).
      Failure will be following with you .It turns out that all your plan falls through .
      No one can deny another fact that ( 4 ) .You donnt have to
      look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know ( 5 ) .
      It will exert a profound influence upon ( 6 ).
      With reference to my standpoint ,I think ( 7 ).
      注释:
      1 : XX的第一个优点
      2: 支持XX的做法
      3:不支持XX的做法
      4:XX的第二个优点
      5:举例证明优点二
      6:说明XX优点三的影响第三天我写的相应作文:
      The importance of self-confidence
      Currently, self-confidence has been the order of the day .
      This does demonstrate the theory --- nothing is more valuable
      than self-confidence.
      It is clear that (self-confidence means trust in ones abilities ).
      If you ( are full of self-confidence ,it will bring your creative power
      to play , arouse your enthusiasm for work, and help you overcome
      difficulties ), as a result , your dreams willcome true .On the contrary,
      if you ( have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that
      you would ever achieve anything ). Failure will be following with you。
      It turns out that all your plan falls through .
      No one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light
      when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed) .
      You donnt have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect
      that we all know (the secret of MMe.Curie lies in preserverence and
      self-confidence, the latter in particular) . It will exert a profound
      influence upon ( the achievement of ones ambitions ).

      With reference to my standpoint ,I think (he that can have
      self-confidence can have what he will).

      (I)说明原因型
      模块(4)
      For most of us today ,( 1 ).
      From above ,we can find that the reasons
      why ( 2 ) are as follows.
      The primary reason ,i think, is ( 3 ).
      Second,( 4 ).
      The third reason, actually ,is ( 5 ).
      The significance for ( 6 ) 。
      Therefore ,( 7 ).
      注释:
      (1)人们针对XX的态度和举措
      (2)归纳现状
      (3)第一个原因
      (4)第二个原因
      (5)第三个原因
      (6)重申造成现状的最重要原因
      (7)我的建议我写的模块(4)的相应的作文,仅供参考
      pollution
      most of us today (recognize that environmental pollution has
      been a greatly serious problem . lots of plants trees corps are
      destroyed by bad air .many fish die of poisonous water . thousands
      of people die from eating poisoned fish or breathing in gas . therefore ,
      environmental pollution should be responsible for these diseases
      that are disabling ,or bringing death not only to human beings ,
      but also to wild life .)
      from above ,we can find that the reasons why (environment are polluted
      more and more seriously) are as follows.
      the primary reason ,I think , is (the reason of harmful substances into
      environment . for example ,to prevent insects ,farmers make use of great
      amounts of insecticides, so as to have bumper harvests . however ,they
      pollute air ,water and land ).
      second,(the gas coming from the car engines and factories also make
      environment polluted badly ).
      the third reason actually is (the result of a growing population in
      the world . everyday , so much litter and waste are poured out from
      houses ,also pollute the environment ).
      the significance for (controlling pollution ) noted that its high
      time that more effective measures should be taken .
      therefore ,(new laws should be passed to limit the amount of pollutants
      from factories . moreover ,in the households ,there is an obvious need
      to reduce litter and waste . lets make our good efforts ,and the world
      will be a safer place to live for us ).
      (I)说明原因型
      模块(5)

      These days we often hear that ( 1 ).

      It is common that ( 2 ).
      Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social
      protects? For one thing ,( 3 ).
      For another,( 4 ). What is more,
      since ( 5 ),it is natural that ( 6 ).
      To solve the problem is not easy at all ,but is worth
      trying .We should do something such as ( 7 )
      to improve he present situation ,and i do believe everything
      will be better in the future .
      (1)提出论题
      (2)说明现状
      (3)理由一
      (4)理由二
      (5)理由三
      (6)理由三引起的后果
      (7)解决方法
      我写的模块(5)的相应的作文
      pollution of environment

      These days we often hear that (our living conditions are getting more and more serious because of the destruction of our environment ).It is common that (many trees and animals are near extinction, and the all-important food chain has been destroyed .).
      Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? For one thing ,(the population of the world is increasing so rapidly that the world has been so crowded. ).For another,(the overuse of natural resources has influenced the balance of natural ecology ). What is more , since ( the industrial revolution ) ,it is natural
      that (a great number of factories have been springing up like mushrooms .The smoke and harmful chemicals released from factories also pollute the environment ).
      To solve the problem is not easy at all ,but is worthying .We should do something such as (planting more trees , equipping cars with pollution-control devices and learning to recycling natural resources )to improve the present situation ,and i do believe everything will be better in the future .
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-07
  • 南坪中学校帅

    南坪中学校帅

    • 83 人赞同了该回答
    • 开头 万能公式
      1. 开头万能公 式一 :名人名言
      有人问 了,“ 我没 有记住名言 ,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!
      原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?
      经典句型:
      A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
      It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever.
      (适用于自编名言)
      更多经典句型:
      As everyone knows, No one can deny that…
      2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计
      原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。
      原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:
      According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.
      看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:
      Honesty:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。
      Travel by Bike:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。
      Youth:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。
      Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。
      更多句型:
      A recent statistics shows that …

      结尾万能公式
      1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论
      说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
      Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion
      that good manners arise from politeness and respect for
      others.
      如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!
      更多过渡短语:
      to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this,
      thus
      更多句型:
      Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can
      find that…
      2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议
      如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!
      Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures
      to solve the problem.
      这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?
      更多句型:
      Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
      Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures
      should be taken.

      写作的“七项基本原则”
      一、 长短句原则
      工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
      As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one
      action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other
      is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a
      way quite similar.
      如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!
      强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。
      二、 主题句原则
      国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!
      特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
      To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and
      be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without
      sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all
      the questions correctly.
      三、 一二三原则
      领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。
      1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
      2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:
      俗)
      3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,
      原因:俗)
      4)in the first place, in the second place, in the
      third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
      5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推
      荐)
      6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推
      荐)
      7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强
      烈推荐)
      8)most important of all, moreover, finally
      9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情
      况)
      10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
      建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!
      四、 短语优先原则
      写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:
      I cannot bear it.
      可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
      I want it.
      可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
      这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。
      五、 多实少虚原则
      原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting,
      smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比
      如:
      走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
      但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
      小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
      小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
      老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room
      所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!
      六、 多变句式原则
      1)加法(串联)
      都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and,
      但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
      I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
      如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:
      Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
      其它的短语可以用:
      besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover
      2)转折(拐弯抹角)
      批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。
      The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent
      condition.
      The coat was thin, but it was warm.
      更多的短语:
      despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite
      of, despite, notwithstanding
      3)因果(so, so, so)
      昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!
      The snow began to fall, so we went home.
      更多短语:
      then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a
      result, for this reason, so that
      4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
      有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。
      举例:This is what I can do.
      Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
      同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:
      When to go, Why he goes away…
      5)附加(多此一举)
      如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。
      The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
      I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
      Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
      其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。
      6)排比(排山倒海句)
      文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!
      Whether your tastes are modern or traditional,
      sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
      Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various
      sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the
      wind and ocean tides.
      We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of
      knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our
      life. (气势恢宏)
      要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!
      七、 挑战极限原则
      既然是挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!
      原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:
      The weather being fine, a large number of people went
      to climb the Western Hills.
      Africa is the second largest continent, its size being
      about three times that of China.
      如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!

      文章主体段落三大杀手锏
      一、举实例
      思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!
      In order to attract more customers, advertisers have
      adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads,
      such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human
      performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food,
      advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table
      and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him
      or her.
      更多句型:
      To take … as an example, One example is…, Another
      example is…, for example
      二、做比较
      方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;
      世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:
      相似的比较:
      in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
      相反的比较:
      on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead,
      nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with
      …, …
      三、换言之
      没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。
      实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love
      you!
      I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love
      you.
      I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in
      love with you.
      或者上面我们举过的例子:
      I cannot bear it.
      可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
      因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I
      cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
      更多短语:
      in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it
      more simply
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-03
  • 风2008声

    风2008声

    • 79 人赞同了该回答
    • 给您几条学 习方 法:

      验一
      1、不妨给自己 定 一些时 间限制。连 续长 时间的学习很容 易使 自己产生厌烦情绪,这时可以把功课分成若干个部分,把每一部分限定时间,例如一小时内完成这份练习、八点以前做完那份测试等等,这样不仅有助于提高效率,还不会产生疲劳感。如果可能的话,逐步缩短所用的时间,不久你就会发现,以前一小时都完不成的作业,现在四十分钟就完成了。
      2、不要在学习的同时干其他事或想其他事。一心不能二用的道理谁都明白,可还是有许多同学在边学习边听音乐。或许你会说听音乐是放松神经的好办法,那么你尽可以专心的学习一小时后全身放松地听一刻钟音乐,这样比带着耳机做功课的效果好多了。
      3、不要整个晚上都复习同一门功课。我以前也曾经常用一个晚上来看数学或物理,实践证明,这样做非但容易疲劳,而且效果也很差。后来我在每晚安排复习两三门功课,情况要好多了。
      除了十分重要的内容以外,课堂上不必记很详细的笔记。如果课堂上忙于记笔记,听课的效率一定不高,况且你也不能保证课后一定会去看笔记。课堂上所做的主要工作应当是把老师的讲课消化吸收,适当做一些简要的笔记即可。

      经验二:

      学习效率这东西,我也曾和很多人谈起过。我们经常看到这样的情况:某同学学习极其用功,在学校学,回家也学,不时还熬熬夜,题做得数不胜数,但成绩却总上不去其实面对这样的情况,我也是十分着急的,本来,有付出就应该有回报,而且,付出的多就应该回报很多,这是天经地义的事。但实际的情况却并非如此,这里边就存在一个效率的问题。效率指什么呢?好比学一样东西,有人练十次就会了,而有人则需练一百次,这其中就存在一个效率的问题。
      如何提高学习效率呢?我认为最重要的一条就是劳逸结合。学习效率的提高最需要的是清醒敏捷的头脑,所以适当的休息,娱乐不仅仅是有好处的,更是必要的,是提高各项学习效率的基础。那么上课时的听课效率如何提高呢?以我的经历来看,课前要有一定的预习,这是必要的,不过我的预习比较粗略,无非是走马观花地看一下课本,这样课本上讲的内容、重点大致在心里有个谱了,听起课来就比较有针对性。预习时,我们不必搞得太细,如果过细一是浪费时间,二是上课时未免会有些松懈,有时反而忽略了最有用的东西。上课时认真听课当然是必须的,但就象我以前一个老师讲的,任何人也无法集中精力一节课,就是说,连续四十多分钟集中精神不走神,是不太可能的,所以上课期间也有一个时间分配的问题,老师讲有些很熟悉的东西时,可以适当地放松一下。另外,记笔记有时也会妨碍课堂听课效率,有时一节课就忙着抄笔记了,这样做,有时会忽略一些很重要的东西,但这并不等于说可以不抄笔记,不抄笔记是不行的,人人都会遗忘,有了笔记,复习时才有基础,有时老师讲得很多,在黑板上记得也很多,但并不需要全记,书上有的东西当然不要记,要记一些书上没有的定理定律,典型例题与典型解法,这些才是真正有价值去记的东西。否则见啥记啥,势必影响课上听课的效率,得不偿失。
      作题的效率如何提高呢?最重要的是选"好题",千万不能见题就作,不分青红皂白,那样的话往往会事倍功半。题都是围绕着知识点进行的,而且很多题是相当类似的,首先选择想要得到强化的知识点,然后围绕这个知识点来选择题目,题并不需要多,类似的题只要一个就足够,选好题后就可以认真地去做了。作题效率的提高,很大程度上还取决于作题之后的过程,对于做错的题,应当认真思考错误的原因,是知识点掌握不清还是因为马虎大意,分析过之后再做一遍以加深印象,这样作题效率就会高得多。
      评:夏宇同学对于听课和做题的建议,实际上反应了提高学习效率的一个重要方法--"把劲儿使在刀刃上",即合理分配时间,听课、记笔记应抓住重点,做习题应抓住典型,这就是学习中的"事半功倍"。

      经验三:

      学习效率是决定学习成绩的重要因素。那么,我们如何提高自己学习效率呢?
      第一点,要自信。很多的科学研究都证明,人的潜力是很大的,但大多数人并没有有效地开发这种潜力,这其中,人的自信力是很重要的一个方面。无论何时何地,你做任何事情,有了这种自信力,你就有了一种必胜的信念,而且能使你很快就摆脱失败的阴影。相反,一个人如果失掉了自信,那他就会一事无成,而且很容易陷入永远的自卑之中。
      提高学习效率的另一个重要的手段是学会用心。学习的过程,应当是用脑思考的过程,无论是用眼睛看,用口读,或者用手抄写,都是作为辅助用脑的手段,真正的关键还在于用脑子去想。举一个很浅显的例子,比如说记单词,如果你只是随意的浏览或漫无目的地抄写,也许要很多遍才能记住,而且不容易记牢,而如果你能充分发挥自己的想象力,运用联想的方法去记忆,往往可以记得很快,而且不容易遗忘。现在很多书上介绍的英语单词快速记忆的方法,也都是强调用脑筋联想的作用。可见,如果能做7到集中精力,发挥脑的潜力,一定可以大大提高学习的效果。
      另一个影响到学习效率的重要因素是人的情绪。我想,每个人都曾经有过这样的体会,如果某一天,自己的精神饱满而且情绪高涨,那样在学习一样东西时就会感到很轻松,学的也很快,其实这正是我们的学习效率高的时候。因此,保持自我情绪的良好是十分重要的。我们在日常生活中,应当有较为开朗的心境,不要过多地去想那些不顺心的事,而且我们要以一种热情向上的乐观生活态度去对待周围的人和事,因为这样无论对别人还是对自己都是很有好处的。这样,我们就能在自己的周围营造一个十分轻松的氛围,学习起来也就感到格外的有精神。

      经验四:

      很多学生看上去很用功,可成绩总是不理想。原因之一是,学习效率太低。同样的时间内,只能掌握别人学到知识的一半,这样怎么能学好?学习要讲究效率,提高效率,途径大致有以下几点:
      一、每天保证8小时睡眠。
      晚上不要熬夜,定时就寝。中午坚持午睡。充足的睡眠、饱满的精神是提高效率的基本要求。
      二、学习时要全神贯注。
      玩的时候痛快玩,学的时候认真学。一天到晚伏案苦读,不是良策。学习到一定程度就得休息、补充能量。学习之余,一定要注意休息。但学习时,一定要全身心地投入,手脑并用。我学习的时侯常有陶渊明的"虽处闹市,而无车马喧嚣"的境界,只有我的手和脑与课本交流。
      三、坚持体育锻炼。
      身体是"学习"的本钱。没有一个好的身体,再大的能耐也无法发挥。因而,再繁忙的学习,也不可忽视放松锻炼。有的同学为了学习而忽视锻炼,身体越来越弱,学习越来越感到力不从心。这样怎么能提高学习效率呢?
      四、学习要主动。
      只有积极主动地学习,才能感受到其中的乐趣,才能对学习越发有兴趣。有了兴趣,效率就会在不知不觉中得到提高。有的同学基础不好,学习过程中老是有不懂的问题,又羞于向人请教,结果是郁郁寡欢,心不在焉,从何谈起提高学习效率。这时,唯一的方法是,向人请教,不懂的地方一定要弄懂,一点一滴地积累,才能进步。如此,才能逐步地提高效率。
      五、保持愉快的心情,和同学融洽相处。
      每天有个好心情,做事干净利落,学习积极投入,效率自然高。另一方面,把个人和集体结合起来,和同学保持互助关系,团结进取,也能提高学习效率。
      六、注意整理。
      学习过程中,把各科课本、作业和资料有规律地放在一起。待用时,一看便知在哪。而有的学生查阅某本书时,东找西翻,不见踪影。时间就在忙碌而焦急的寻找中逝去。我认为,没有条理的学生不会学得很好。
      评:学习效率的提高,很大程度上决定于学习之外的其他因素,这是因为人的体质、心境、状态等诸多因素与学习效率密切相关。

      【总结】

      学习必须讲究方法,而改进学习方法的本质目的,就是为了提高学习效率。
      学习效率的高低,是一个学生综合学习能力的体现。在学生时代,学习效率的高低主要对学习成绩产生影响。当一个人进入社会之后,还要在工作中不断学习新的知识和技能,这时候,一个人学习效率的高低则会影响他(或她)的工作成绩,继而影响他的事业和前途。可见,在中学阶段就养成好的学习习惯,拥有较高的学习效率,对人一生的发展都大有益处。
      可以这样认为,学习效率很高的人,必定是学习成绩好的学生(言外之意,学习成绩好未必学习效率高)。因此,对大部分学生而言,提高学习效率就是提高学习成绩的直接途径。
      提高学习效率并非一朝一夕之事,需要长期的探索和积累。前人的经验是可以借鉴的,但必须充分结合自己的特点。影响学习效率的因素,有学习之内的,但更多的因素在学习之外。首先要养成良好的学习习惯,合理利用时间,另外还要注意"专心、用心、恒心"等基本素质的培养,对于自身的优势、缺陷等更要有深刻的认识。总之,"世上无难事,只怕有心人。"

      另外请您注意自己的生物钟

      每个人的情况都不一样,有些差异,要弄清自己的最佳学习时间,人的大脑在一天中有一定的活动规律:一般来说,上午8时大脑具有严谨、周密的思考能力;下午3时思考能力最敏捷;晚上8时记忆力最强;推理能力在白天12小时内逐渐减弱。根据这些规律,早晨刚起床,人的想像力较丰富,就抓紧时间捕捉一些灵感,做些构思工作,兼读语文和背诵英语单词,由于早晨空气新鲜,要参加一些体育锻炼;上午做一些严谨工作,上课认真听讲,做好课堂笔记;下午除听课外,要快速准确做好当天的笔头作业;晚上加强记忆和理解,预习第二天功课。中午、傍晚的空隙时间就安排一些不费力的事务性工作,如看看报纸,收集写作素材,散步和休息。

      最后,请您自信,祝您成功!
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-07
  • essoshi

    essoshi

    • 116 人赞同了该回答
    • 你说的太模糊了,有具体的要求的话联系我就可以。
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-03
  • tearseek

    tearseek

    • 181 人赞同了该回答
    • 我可以建议一本书给你,郭凤皋老师的所以英语书,都值得做与研究。是复旦出版社。
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-10
  • freewillJK

    freewillJK

    • 166 人赞同了该回答
    • 没有什么万能开头,要根据材料做适当的调整,不然有时候反而起到反作用
      查看更多
    发布于 2006-06-07
  • 笪怡然申情

    笪怡然申情

    • 54 人赞同了该回答
    • 开头
      recently,
      the
      problem
      of

      has
      aroused
      people’s
      concern.
      最近 ,… 问题 已引起人们的关注.
      internet
      has
      been
      playing
      an
      increasingly
      important
      role
      in
      our
      day-to-day
      life.
      it
      has
      brought
      a
      lot
      of
      benefits
      but
      has
      created
      some
      serious
      problems
      as
      well.
      互联网已在我 们的生活中扮演着越 来越 重要 的角色.它给我 们带来了许多好处,但也产生了一些严重的问题.
      nowadays,
      (overpopulation)
      has
      become
      a
      problem
      we
      have
      to
      face.
      如今,(人口过剩)已成为 我们 不得不面对的问题了.
      it
      is
      commonly
      believed
      that…
      /
      it
      is
      a
      common
      belief
      that…
      人们一般认为…
      many
      people
      insist
      that…
      很多人坚持认为…
      with
      the
      development
      of
      science
      and
      technology,
      more
      and
      more
      people
      believe
      that

      随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为…
      a
      lot
      of
      people
      seem
      to
      think
      that…
      很多人似乎认为…
      查看更多
    发布于 2011-03-21
  • wwjl_hehe

    wwjl_hehe

    • 109 人赞同了该回答
    • 开头 的:

      1. 开 头万 能公式一:名人 名言
      有人问了 ,“ 我没有记住名言,怎么 办? 尤其是英语名 言? ”, 很好办:编!
      原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?
      经典句型:
      a proberb says, “ you are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
      it goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
      更多经典句型:as everyone knows, no one can deny that…
      2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计
      原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。
      原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:
      according to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.
      看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:
      honesty
      根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。
      travel by bike
      根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。
      youth
      根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。
      five-day work week better than six-day work?
      根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。
      更多句型:
      a recent statistics shows that …

      结尾的:

      1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论 说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子: obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others. 如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了! 更多过渡短语: to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus 更多句型: thus, it can be concluded that…, therefore, we can find that… 2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议 如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽! obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. 这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢? 更多句型: accordingly, i recommend that some measures be taken. consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
      查看更多
    发布于 2017-09-14
  • 邶智蔚环

    邶智蔚环

    • 132 人赞同了该回答
    • 开头
      with
      the
      development
      of
      the
      modern
      society,
      more
      and
      more...,
      some
      people
      hold
      that...,
      however,
      some
      others
      hold
      that....,
      in
      my
      view
      of
      point,......
      .结
      in
      sum,
      there
      is
      no
      denying
      the
      fact
      that......only
      in
      this
      way
      can
      we
      ......
      此格式最 适用 于写 议 论文了,呵 呵
      希望 对你 能有所 帮助
      查看更多
    发布于 2019-02-04
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